1768 ~ The 1st voyage of Captain James Cook began on the 26th August 1768. The Royal Society engaged Captain James Cook to travel to the Pacific Ocean to observe and record the transit of Venus across the Sun. The expedition sailed from England around Cape Horn and westward across the Pacific to Tahiti on the 13th April 1769, where the observations of the Venus Transit were made. Once the observations were completed, Cook opened the sealed orders which instructed him to search the South Pacific for signs of the postulated rich southern continent of Terra Australis, so he then sailed to New Zealand and mapped the complete coastline. Cook then voyaged west, reaching the south-eastern coast of Australia on the 19th April 1770, becoming the 1st recorded European to have encountered its eastern coastline.
1865 – Arthur James Arnot the Australian engineer and inventor was born on the 26th August 1865 (died 1946). Arthur James Arnot is best known for patenting the world’s first electric drill, and designing the Spencer Street Power Station, Victoria.
1898 – Peggy Guggenheim the American art collector was born on the 26th August 1898 (died 1979).
1899 – Rufino Tamayo the Mexican painter was born on the 26th August 1898 (died 1991).
1883 – The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa began its final paroxysmal stage on the 26th August 1883.
1909 – Jim Davis the American actor was born on the 26th August 1909 (died 1981 aged 71).
1920 – Brant Parker the American cartoonist was born on the 26th August 1920 (died 2007).
1927 – B. V. Doshi the Indian architect was born on the 26th August 1927.
1933 – Oscar Marzaroli the Scots-Italian photographer was born on the 26th August 1933 (died 1988).
1946 – Priit Pärn the Estonian cartoonist and animation director was born on the 26th August 1946.
1950 – Jüri Okas the Estonian architect was born on the 26th August 1950.
1952 – Will Shortz the American puzzle creator and editor was born on the 26th August 1952.
1966 – Avner Ben-Gal the Israeli painter was born on the 26th August 1966.
1969 ~ Kirk Fox the American actor, screenwriter, and stand-up comedian was born on the 26th August 1969.
1971 – Thalía the Mexican singer-songwriter and actress was born on the 26th August 1971.
1981 – Jesse Martin the Australian sailor was born on the 26th August 1981.
Today in History for August 26th ~ video presented by the Associated Press…