1580 – Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc the French astronomer was born on the 1st December 1580 (died 1637).
1709 – Franz Xaver Richter the Austrian-Moravian singer, violinist, composer, and conductor was born on the 1st December 1709 (died 1789).
1716 – Étienne Maurice Falconet the French sculptor was born on the 1st December 1716 (died 1791).
1761 – Marie Tussaud the French sculptor and founder of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum was born on the 1st December 1761 (died 1850).
1869 – Eligiusz Niewiadomski the Polish painter, critic and assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz was born on the 1st December 1869 (died 1923).
1884 – Karl Schmidt-Rottluff the German painter was born on the 1st December 1884 (died 1976).
1885 – The Dr Pepper soft drink was first served at a drug store in Waco, Texas in the United States on the 1st December 1885.
1912 – Minoru Yamasaki the American architect and designer of the World Trade Center was born on the 1st December 1912 (died 1986).
1913 – The Buenos Aires Subway, the first underground railway system in the southern hemisphere and in Latin America, began operation on the 1st December 1913.
1913 – The Ford Motor Company introduced the first moving assembly line on the 1st December 1913.
1923 – Morris the Belgian cartoonist was born on the 1st December 1923 (died 2001).
1925 – Martin Rodbell the American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate was born on the 1st December 1925 (died 1998).
1933 – Lou Rawls the American singer-songwriter, producer and actor was born on the 1st December 1933 (died 2006).
1934 – Billy Paul the American singer was born on the 1st December 1934.
1935 – Woody Allen the American screenwriter, director and actor was born on the 1st December 1935.
1940 – Richard Pryor the American comedian and actor was born on the 1st December 1940 (died 2005).
1944 – John Densmore the American drummer from The Doors was born on the 1st December 1944.
1944 – Eric Bloom the American singer-songwriter and guitarist from Blue Öyster Cult was born on the 1st December 1944.
1945 – Bette Midler the American singer-songwriter, producer and actress was born on the 1st December 1945.
1948 – The Taman Shud Case began when the body of an unidentified man was found in Adelaide, Australia on the 1st December 1948, involving an undetectable poison and a secret code in a very rare book; the case remained unsolved as one of Australia’s most profound mysteries.
1952 – The New York Daily News reported the news of Christine Jorgenson, the first notable case of sexual reassignment surgery on the 1st December 1952.
1957 – Chris Poland the American guitarist from Megadeth was born on the 1st December 1957.
1959 – The Antarctic Treaty was signed on the 1st December 1959, which set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and banned military activity on the continent.
1959 ~ Wally Lewis (AM) the Australian rugby league footballer and coach was born in Hawthorne, Queensland on the 1st December 1959.
1960 – Jane Turner the Australian actress was born on the 1st December 1960.
1960 – Paul McCartney and Pete Best were arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany on the 1st December 1960, after accusations of attempted arson.
1973 – Papua New Guinea gained self-government from Australia on the 1st December 1973.
1977 – Brad Delson the American guitarist from Linkin Park was born on the 1st December 1977.
1981 – The AIDS virus was officially recognized on the 1st December 1981.
1984 – NASA conducted the Controlled Impact Demonstration on the 1st December 1984, wherein an airliner was deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of airplane crashes.
1990 – The Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed on the 1st December 1990.
2013 ~ Martin Sharp the Australian artist, underground cartoonist, songwriter and film-maker died on the 1st December 2013, aged 71 (born 21st January 1942). Martin Sharp was known as Australia’s foremost pop artist. Martin Sharp’s psychedelic posters of Bob Dylan, Donovan and others are ranked as classics of their genre. His covers, cartoons and illustrations were a main feature of Oz magazine. Martin Sharp co-wrote Cream‘s Tales of Brave Ulysses song, and created the cover art for Cream’s Disraeli Gears and Wheels of Fire albums. In the 1970s Martin Sharp became a champion of singer Tiny Tim, and Sydney’s Luna Park. Martin Sharp Facebook: www.facebook.com/pages/Martin-Sharp | YouTube video: 7News: Cartoonist Martin Sharp has died….