1580 – Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc the French astronomer was born on the 1st December 1580 (died 1637).
1709 – Franz Xaver Richter the Austrian-Moravian singer, violinist, composer, and conductor was born on the 1st December 1709 (died 1789).
1716 – Étienne Maurice Falconet the French sculptor was born on the 1st December 1716 (died 1791).
1884 – Karl Schmidt-Rottluff the German painter was born on the 1st December 1884 (died 1976).
1923 – Morris the Belgian cartoonist was born on the 1st December 1923 (died 2001).
1933 – Lou Rawls the American singer-songwriter, producer and actor was born on the 1st December 1933 (died 2006).
1934 – Billy Paul the American singer was born on the 1st December 1934.
1935 – Woody Allen the American screenwriter, director and actor was born on the 1st December 1935.
1940 – Richard Pryor the American comedian and actor was born on the 1st December 1940 (died 2005).
1945 – Bette Midler the American singer-songwriter, producer and actress was born on the 1st December 1945.
1948 – The Taman Shud Case began when the body of an unidentified man was found in Adelaide, Australia on the 1st December 1948, involving an undetectable poison and a secret code in a very rare book; the case remained unsolved as one of Australia’s most profound mysteries.
1959 – The Antarctic Treaty was signed on the 1st December 1959, which set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and banned military activity on the continent.
1960 – Jane Turner the Australian actress was born on the 1st December 1960.
1973 – Papua New Guinea gained self-government from Australia on the 1st December 1973.
1981 – The AIDS virus was officially recognized on the 1st December 1981.
1984 – NASA conducted the Controlled Impact Demonstration on the 1st December 1984, wherein an airliner was deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of airplane crashes.
1990 – The Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed on the 1st December 1990.
2013 ~ Martin Sharp the Australian artist, underground cartoonist, songwriter and film-maker died on the 1st December 2013, aged 71 (born 21st January 1942). Martin Sharp was known as Australia’s foremost pop artist. Martin Sharp’s psychedelic posters of Bob Dylan, Donovan and others are ranked as classics of their genre. His covers, cartoons and illustrations were a main feature of Oz magazine. Martin Sharp co-wrote Cream‘s Tales of Brave Ulysses song, and created the cover art for Cream’s Disraeli Gears and Wheels of Fire albums. In the 1970s Martin Sharp became a champion of singer Tiny Tim, and Sydney’s Luna Park. Martin Sharp Facebook: www.facebook.com/pages/Martin-Sharp | YouTube video: 7News: Cartoonist Martin Sharp has died….