MARCH 14~ ON THiS DAY in History

44BC ~ CascaCicero & Cassius decided, on the night before the Assassination of Julius Caesar, that Mark Antony should stay alive.

1489 ~ Catherine Cornaro the Queen of Cyprus sold her kingdom to Venice on the 14th March 1489.

1647 The Truce of Ulm was signed by BavariaCologneFrance and Sweden signed  on the 14th March 1647, after the Thiry Years’ War.

1681 ~ Georg Philipp Telemann the German composer was born on the 14th March 1681 (died 1767).

1790 ~ LUDWiG EMiL GRiMM the German painter and engraver was born in Hanau on the 14th March 1790 (died 1863 aged 73). Ludwig was the younger brother of the Brothers GrimmJacob and Wilhelm.

Ludwig Emil Grimm illustration angel girls deer flower wreath artwork 1819 Brothers Grimm Kinder und Hausmarchen engraving L.Haas
The frontispiece & decorative title pages of the 1819 edition of Brothers Grimm Kinder- und Hausmarchen, illustrated by Ludwig Emil Grimm & engraved by L. Haas.

1794 ~ Eli Whitney was granted a patent for the cotton gin on the 14th March 1794.

1804 ~ Johann Strauss I the Austrian composer and the father of Johann Strauss II was born on the 14th March 1804 (died 1849).

1835 ~ Giovanni Schiaparelli the Italian astronomer and historian was born on the 14th March 1835 (died 1910).

1844Arthur O’Shaughnessy the English poet was born on the 14th March 1844 (died 1881).

1853 ~ FERDiNAND HODLER the Swiss painter was born in Berne on the 14th March 1853 (died 1918).

Ferdinand Hodler Swiss painter self-portrait 1916 oil painting canvas art Neue Galerie goatee beard
Ferdinand Hodler self-portrait (1916) oil on canvas at the Neue Galerie New York (Museum for German & Austrian Art)
Der Tag The Day oil painting canvas Ferdinad Hodler naked women nude yoga dancing praying
Der Tag The Day (1900) oil on canvas by Ferdinad Hodler at the Kunstmuseum ~ Museum of Fine Arts Bern
Die Nacht The Night oil painting canvas Ferdinad Hodler naked men nude women lovers sleeping beds artwork
Die Nacht (1889-1890) oil on canvas by Ferdinad Hodler at the Kunstmuseum ~ Museum of Fine Arts Bern

1854 ~ Paul Ehrlich the German physician and Nobel Prize laureate was born in Strehlen on the 14th March 1854 (died 1915).

1854John Lane the English publisher and co-founder of The Bodley Head was born on the 14th March 1854 (died 1925).

1862 ~ Vilhelm Bjerknes the Norwegian physicist and meteorologist was born on the 14th March 1862 (died 1951).

1874 ~ Anton Philips the Dutch businessman and co-founder of Philips Electronics was born on the 14th March 1874 (died 1951). www.Philips.com.au

1879 ~ ALBERT EiNSTEiN the German born physicist was born in Ulm, Germany on the 14th March 1879 (died 18th April 1955 aged 76). Einstein was a theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics, alongside quantum mechanics. Einstein is best known for the world’s most famous equation, his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2. Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his services to theoretical physics, and mostly for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, which was pivotal in establishing quantum theory.

Albert Einstein lecture Vienna 1921 theoretical physicist theory relativity physics quantum mechanics formula E=mc2  photo photoelectric effect chalk black board
Albert Einstein during a lecture in Vienna in 1921 (photo by Ferdinand Schmutzer)

1883 ~ Karl Marx the German philosopher and theorist died on the 14th March 1883 aged 64 (born 5th May 1818).

1885 The Mikado opera by W.S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, had its first public performance in London on the 14th March 1885.

1887 ~ Sylvia Beach the American-French publisher and founder of Shakespeare and Company was born on the 14th March 1887 (died 1962).

1888 ~ Marc-Aurèle Fortin the Canadian painter was born on the 14th March 1888 (died 1970).

1894 ~ Osa Johnson the American director and explorer was born on the 14th March 1894 (died 1953).

1899 ~ K. C. Irving the Canadian businessman and founder of Irving Oil was born on the 14th March 1899 (died 1992).

1900 ~ The Gold Standard Act was ratified on the 14th March 1900, placing United States currency on the gold standard.

1905 ~ Raymond Aron the French journalist, sociologist, and philosopher was born on the 14th March 1905 (died 1983).

1903 ~ The Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge was established on the 14th March 1903, by US President Theodore Roosevelt.

1908Philip Conrad Vincent the English businessman and founder of Vincent Motorcycles was born on the 14th March 1908 (died 1979).

1908Maurice Merleau-Ponty the French philosopher was born on the 14th March 1908 (died 1961).

1910 ~ Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher, near Bakersfield, California, vented to the atmosphere on the 14th March 1910.

1911 ~ Akira Yoshizawa the Japanese origamist was born on the 14th March 1911 (died 2005).

1912LES BROWN the American saxophonist, composer and bandleader was born on the 14th March 1912 (died 2001 aged 88). YouTube video: The Billboard March – Les Brown & His Band Of Renown…

1914 ~ Lee Hays the American singer-songwriter  from The Weavers was born on the 14th March 1914 (died 1981).

1920 ~ Hank Ketcham the American cartoonist was born on the 14th March 1920 (died 2001).

1921Ada Louise Huxtable the American author and critic was born on the 14th March 1921 (died 2013).

1922 ~ LES BAXTER the American pianist and composer was born on the 14th March 1922 (died 1996 aged 73). YouTube video: The Soul Of The Drums – Les Baxter 1963 Exotica Easy Listening Full LP: Side A: 1.The Girl Behind The Bamboo Curtain 2.Lord, What A Morning 3.Calabash Annie 4.Sunrise At Kowloon 5.Which Doctor? 6.Mai Tai Side |B: 1. A Day In Rio 2.River Of Dreams 3.Nina 4.The Enchanted Reef 5.Jacaranda 6. Ceremony…

1923 ~ Diane Arbus the American photographer was born on the 14th March 1923 (died 1971).

1926Phil Phillips the American singer-songwriter was born on the 14th March 1926.

1928 ~ Frank Borman the American colonel, pilot, and astronaut was born on the 14th March 1928.

1928Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente the Spanish environmentalist was born on the 14th March 1928 (died 1980).

1931 Alam AraIndia‘s 1st talkie film, was released on the 14th March 1931.

1932 ~ Naina Yeltsina the Russian wife of Boris Yeltsin (First Lady of Russia) was born on the 14th March 1932.

1933QUiNCY JONES the American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and producer was born on the 14th March 1933.

1933 ~ MiCHAEL CAiNE the English actor and author was born on the 14th March 1933.

1936 ~ The 1st All-Sound Film Version of SHOW BOAT opened at Radio City Music Hall on the 14th March 1936. (There was a part-talkie, part-silent version of Show Boat in 1929.)

1939 ~ Slovakia declared independence under German pressure on the 14th March 1939.

1945MiCHAEL MARTiN MURPHEY the American singer-songwriter was born on the 14th March 1945. YouTube video: Michael Martin Murphey ~ Wildfire (1975) ~ “This is a beautiful song written by Michael Murphey, about a horse that will make an animal lover shed a tear.” (Anton K)……other videos of Michael Murphey performing his hit song Wildfire on YouTube: Michael Murphey – Wildfire on The Midnight Special 1976 & Michael Murphy – Wildfire on Letterman 2007

1945Walter Parazaider the American saxophonist  from the band Chicago was born on the 14th March 1945.

1945 ~ The R.A.F.‘s 1st operational use of the Grand Slam bomb was on the 14th March 1945, in Bielefeld, Germany, during World War II.

1947 ~ PAM AYRES the English comedian, actor, and poet was born on the 14th March 1947.

1947JONA LEWiE the English singer-songwriter and keyboard player was born in Southampton on the 14th March 1947. Jona Lewie is best known for his 1980 hits You’ll Always Find Me in the Kitchen at Parties (1980)Stop the Cavalry (1980) and Louise (1981)…

1948BiLLY CRYSTAL the American actor and comedian was born on the 14th March 1948.

1948Theo Jansen the Dutch sculptor was born on the 14th March 1948.

1951 ~ Jerry Greenfield the American businessman and co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s was born on the 14th March 1951.

1957Tad Williams the American author was born on the 14th March 1957.

1958 ~ Albert II, Prince of Monaco was born on the 14th March 1958.

1964 ~ Jack Ruby was found guilty by a Dallas jury for the killing of Lee Harvey Oswald (the assumed assassin of John F. Kennedy) on the 14th March 1964.

1965Aamir Khan the Indian actor, director, and producer was born on the 14th March 1965.

1965SHEiLA CHANDRA the English (Indian descent) singer from the Monsoon pop band was born in London on the 14th March 1965. Sheila Chandra’s official website: www.SheilaChandra.com | YouTube video: Monsoon ~ Ever So Lonely (1982)

1967 ~ U.S. President John F. Kennedy‘s body was moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery on the 14th March 1967.

197# ~ CHRiS STEiN the German-Australian model known as the No.1 model for PhotoGraffix Advertising Agency was born in Germany on the 14th March in the 1970s. Chris Stein retired from modelling in the 1990s when she became a business partner and administrator of an advertising business, and later became a manager and co-owner of a limousine business.

Chris Stein German model Clarissa hat coat 1990s fashion pretty blonde black & white photo by Anton K Australia 1992
Chris Stein ~ photo by Anton K. Kressnig ~ 1992
Chris Stein sexy 19yo model girl Clarissa leopard skin design 2piece bikini swimsuit 1990s style Australian beach 1991 AntonK
Chris Stein in a PhotoGraffix Advertising Agency modelling promo in 1990 ~ photo by Anton K. Kressnig
Chris Stein sexy 19 year old teen model girl leopard skin design 2piece bikini swimsuit 1990s Australian beach AntonK
Chris Stein in a PhotoGraffix Advertising Agency modelling promo in the early 1990 ~ photo by Anton K. Kressnig

1978Pieter van den Hoogenband the Dutch swimmer was born in  MaastrichtLimburg on the 14th March 1978. Twitter.com/PVDHoogenband (verified account)

1979Chris Klein the American actor was born on the 14th March 1979.

1980Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente the Spanish environmentalist died on his 52nd birthday on the 14th March 1980 (born 14th March 1928). Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente died in an aircraft crash in Alaska while shooting a documentary about the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, with 2 cameramen and a pilot also dying.

1982Kate Maberly the English actress and musician was born in Reigate, England on the 14th March 1982. Kate Maberly is know for her roles in The Secret Garden (1993)Mothertime (1997) and Victoria & Albert (2001).

1983TAYLOR HANSON the American singer-songwriter and keyboard player from the band Hanson was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma on the 14th March 1983. Official website:  www.Hanson.netYouTube video: HANSON – MMMBop (1997)…

1984 ~ Gerry Adams the head of Sinn Féin was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast on the 14th March 1994.

1984LiESEL MATHEWS aka LiESEL PRITZKER the American former child actress, heiress to Hyatt Hotels, and philanthropist was born Liesel Anne Pritzker in Chicago, Illinois, into the Pritzker family, one of the wealthiest families in the United States. Liesel starred as Sara Crewe in A Little Princess (1995 movie)and as Alice Marshall in Air Force One (1997)Online: official website:  BlueHaveninitiative.com  | Twitter.com/LieselPritzker | YouTube video: A Little Princess ~ Trailer…

1985 ~ Idaira the Spanish singer was born on the 14th March 1985.

1986 ~ Jamie Bell the English actor was born on the 14th March 1986.

1989Colby O’Donis the American singer-songwriter and guitarist was born on the 14th March 1989.

1991Rhiannon Fish the Canadian born Australian actress best known for her role as April Scott on Home and Away was born on the 14th March 1991. Rhiannon Fish was 2nd in the 13th series of Dancing with the Stars in 2013. Rhiannon Fish’s Twitter: www.twitter.com/RhiannonMFish

1994 ~ Timeline of Linux developmentLinux kernel version 1.0.0 was released on the 14th March 1994.

1995 ~ Norman Thagard the American astronaut became the 1st American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle on the 14th March 1995.

2012 ~ TheARTofLOOKiNGatLiFE.com domain name was registered by AntonK.com on the 14th March 2012.

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