SEPTEMBER 1 ~ ON THiS DAY in History

1854 – Engelbert Humperdinck the German composer was born on the 1st September 1854 (d. 1921).

1897 – The Boston subway opened on the 1st September 1897, becoming the 1st underground rapid transit system in North America.

1902 – A Trip to the Moon was released in France on the 1st September 1902, and is considered to be one of the first science fiction films.

1906 – The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys was established on the 1st September 1906. Official website:

1914 – St. Petersburg, Russia, changed its name to Petrograd on the 1st September 1914.

1914 – The last Passenger Pigeon, a female named Martha, died in captivit yon the 1st September 1914, in the Cincinnati Zoo.

1920 – The Fountain of Time opened as a tribute on the 1st September 1920, to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.

1931 – Boxcar Willie the American singer-songwriter and guitarist was born on the 1st September 1931 (d. 1999).

1933 – Conway Twitty the American singer-songwriter and guitarist was born on the 1st September 1933 (d. 1993).

1939 – Lily Tomlin the American actress, comedian, writer, and producer was born on the 1st September 1939.

1950 – Phil McGraw the American psychologist, author, and talk show host was born on the 1st September 1950. See Dr.Phil’s latest book ~ Life Code

1952 – The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, was first published on the 1st September 1952.

1957 – Gloria Estefan the Cuban-American singer-songwriter and actress was born on the 1st September 1957.

1965Craig McLachlan the Australian actor, musician and singer was born on the 1st September 1965. Craig McLachlan is best known for acting in Neighbours, Home and Away and Bugs. In 1990 Craig won the Gold Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television for his work on NeighboursCraig McLachlan first appeared on Australian television in The Young Doctors before being cast as Henry Ramsay, as the brother of Kylie Minogue‘s character Charlene in Channel 10‘s Neighbours, for more than 800 episodes. Craig also won a Silver Logie playing schoolteacher Grant Mitchell in Home and AwayCraig went on to have some international success as a singer / songwriter with Australian and UK hit singles with his remake of the Bo Diddley song I Need You Baby ~ MonaIn 1993 Craig starred as Danny Zuko in the West End revival of the musical Grease, then went on to play Frankenfurter in The Rocky Horror Show  and many other musicals. In the mid 1990s Craig starred in 3 series of the BBC hit television series Bugs and appeared in Catherine the Great alongside Catherine Zeta-Jones and Omar Sharif, and many other films. Craig McLachlan returned to Australia in 2012 to commence filming on The Doctor Blake Mysteries series playing the title role of Lucien Blake for ABC Australia / iTV UK, a drama set in 1958 Ballarat. See more at Craig Mclachlan’s official website:

1973 – J.D. Fortune the Canadian singer-songwriter from INXS was born on the 1st September 1973.

1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird set the record for flying from New York to London on the 1st September 1974, in the time of 1 hour, 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds at a speed of 1,435.587 miles per hour (2,310.353 km/h), and still holds the record to this day (2013).

1975 – Natalie Bassingthwaighte the Australian singer-songwriter from the Rogue Traders was born on the 1st September 1975.

1976 – Babydaddy the American musician  from the Scissor Sisters was born on the 1st September 1976.

1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 became the 1st spacecraft to visit Saturn on the 1st September 1979, when it passed the planet at a distance of 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi).

1980 – Terry Fox‘s Marathon of Hope ended near Thunder Bay, Ontario on the 1st September 1980.

1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command was founded on the 1st September 1982.

1985 – A joint AmericanFrench expedition located the wreckage of the RMS Titanic on the 1st September 1985.

2005 ~ RANDOM ACTS OF KiNDNESS DAY aka RAK, began at a national level on the 1st September 2005, in New Zealand. RAK has since been increasingly celebrated around the world in order to encourage acts of kindness.  Josh de Jong is the original founder of Random Acts of Kindness Day. It is a day where people are challenged to do something kind to a friend or stranger for no reason at all.

Today in History for September 1st ~ video presented by the Associated Press… 

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