DECEMBER 27 ~ ON THiS DAY in History

0537 – The Hagia Sophia was completed on the 27th December in the year 537.

1831 – Charles Darwin embarked on his journey aboard the HMS Beagle on the 27th December 1831, during which he began to formulate the theory of evolution.

1836 – The worst ever avalanche in England occurred at Lewes, Sussex, on the 27th December 1836, killing 8 people.

1845 – Ether anesthetic was used for childbirth for the first time on the 27th December 1845, by Dr. Crawford Long in Jefferson, Georgia.

1901 ~ Marlene Dietrich the German – American actress and singer was born on the 1901 (died 1992).

Marlene Dietrich Shanghai Express movie 1932 black & white photo by Josef von Sternberg smoking cigarette
Marlene Dietrich still photograph from the Shanghai Express movie in 1932, by Josef von Sternberg, with butterfly lighting to enhance her features. Mick Rock said this photograph was the inspiration for the iconic Queen II album cover.

1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō became the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world on the 27th December 1922.

1927 – Show Boat the first true American musical, opened at the Ziegfeld Theatre on Broadway on the 27th December 1927.

1932 – Radio City Music Hall, the “Showplace of the Nation”, opened in New York on the 27th December 1932.

1939 – Erzincan in Turkey was hit by an earthquake on the 27th December 1939, killing 30,000 people.

1941 – Mike Pinder the English singer-songwriter and keyboard player from The Moody Blues was born on the 27th December 1941.

1944 – Mick Jones the English guitarist and songwriter from Foreigner was born on the 27th December 1944.

1948 – Gérard Depardieu the French actor was born on the 27th December 1948.

1952 – David Knopfler the Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist from Dire Straits was born on the 27th December 1952.

1966 – The Cave of Swallows, the largest known cave shaft in the world, was discovered in Aquismón, San Luis Potosí, Mexico on the 27th December 1966.

1968 – Apollo 8 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on the 27th December 1968, ending the first orbital manned mission to the Moon.

1978 – Spain became a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship on the 27th December 1978.

1978 – The Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station in the South Pole recorded temperatures of 7.5 °F (−13.6 °C) on the 27th December 1978, making it the highest temperature to ever be recorded in the South Pole.

1985 – Palestinian guerrillas killed 18 people inside RomeItaly and Vienna airports on the 27th December 1985.

1986Torah Bright the Australian professional snowboarder and Olympic gold medalist was born on the 27th December 1986. Torah Bright won a Gold medal in the Halfpipe at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, and a Siver medal in the Halfpipe at the 2014 Winter Olympics in SochiTorah Bright verified online: Twitter.com/TorahBright  | Facebook.com/TorahBright | YouTube video:  Winter Olympics profile: Torah Bright video…

Torah Bright verified Facebook Australian snowboarder Winter Olympics gold silver medalist Halfpipe 2010 Vancouver Canada 2014 Sochi Russia
Torah Bright verified Facebook account ~ Facebook.com/TorahBright

1988Hayley Williams the American lead singer and songwriter from rock band Paramore was born on the 27th December 1988.

2004 – Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reached Earth on the 27th December 2004, making it is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.

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