Casey Stoner gold trophy win Australian Grand Prix winner Phillip Island MotoGP 2011 World championship motorcycle racing Repsol Honda

OCTOBER 28 ~ ON THiS DAY in History

1538Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, the 1st university in the New World was established on the 28th October in 1538.

1697Canaletto the Italian artist was born on the 28th October in 1697 (d. 1768).

1848 – The 1st railroad in Spain, between Barcelona and Mataró was opened on the 28th October in 1848.

1886 – The 1st ticker-tape parade in the World took place in New York City on the 28th October 1886, when office workers spontaneously threw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty was dedicated.

1892 ~ CHARLES-ÉMiLE REYNAUD projected the 1st ANiMATED CARTOON FiLM to the public, Pauvre Pierrot (aka Poor Pete) at the Musée Grévin (waxwork museum) in Paris, France, on the 28th October 1892. Reynaud created the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in 1888, which was seen for the first time in a public performance, in the show, billed as Pantomimes Lumineuses, which included 3 cartoons, Pauvre Pierrot, Un bon bock, and Le Clown et ses chiens, each consisting of 500 to 600 individually painted images (= 15 minute duration). Reynaud was the projectionist, and accompanied by a piano player. The show remained at the Musée Grévin until 1900, and was seen by over 500,000 people.

Pauvre Pierrot (aka Poor Pete) 1892 French short animated film directed by Charles-Émile Reynaud
Pauvre Pierrot (aka Poor Pete) 1892 French short animated film directed by Charles-Émile Reynaud
Charles-Émile Reynaud théâtre optique 1892 World first animated cartoon rear projection screen moving pictures audience old illustration
The Théâtre Optique moving picture show presented for the first time by Charles-Émile Reynaud in Paris ~ 28th October 1892 (note: The moving images were back projected onto the screen)

1909Francis Bacon the Irish painter was born on the 28th October in 1909 (d. 1992).

1927Cleo Laine the British singer was born on the 28th October in 1927.

1936Charlie Daniels the American musician was born on the 28th October in 1936.

1941Hank Marvin the English guitarist was born on the 28th October in 1941.

1942 – The Alaska Highway was completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska on the 28th October in 1942.

1944Anton Schlecker the German businessman was born on the 28th October in 1944.

1945Wayne Fontana the British singer from The Mindbenders was born on the 28th October in 1945.

1946John Hewson the Australian politician was born on the 28th October in 1946.

1948Swiss chemist Paul Müller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT on the 28th October in 1948.

1955BiLL GATES the American software executive was born on the 28th October in 1955. Bill Gates is an American business magnate and philanthropist. He is the current chairman of Microsoft, the world’s largest personal-computer software company, which he co-founded with Paul Allen. Bill Gates is consistently ranked among the world’s wealthiest people, and was ranked the World’s wealthiest overall from 1995 to 2009, excluding 2008, when he was ranked 3rd. In 2011, Bill Gates was the wealthiest American and the 2nd wealthiest person.

1956Volker Zotz the Austrian philosopher was born on the 28th October in 1956.

1957Stephen Morris the British drummer from Joy Division and New Order was born on the 28th October in 1957.

1962Daphne Zuniga the American actress was born on the 28th October in 1962. Daphne Zuniga is best known for her roles as Jo Reynolds on Melrose Place, as Victoria Davis on One Tree Hill, and as Princess Vespa in the Mel Brooks film Spaceballs.

1965St. Louis Arch was completed on the 28th October in 1965.

1967Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein was born on the 28th October in 1967.

1967Julia Roberts the American actress was born on the 28th October in 1967.

1971 – The Prospero satellite was launched on the 28th October in 1971, the only British satellite to date launched by British rocket. Prospero was launched into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.

1987 ~ Frank Ocean aka Christopher Ocean the American singer and songwriter from New Orleans, Louisiana was born Christopher Breaux on the 28th October in 1987.

2002 ~ iNTERNATiONAL ANiMATiON DAY was proclaimed on the 28th October 2002 by the ASIFA (International Animated Film Association) to celebrate the art of animation around the World. International Animation Day commemorates the first public performance of Emile Reynaud’s Theatre Optique in Paris, on the 28th day of October 1892 in 1895.

ASIFA.net website International Animated Film Association art of animation International Animation Day yellow artwork drawing illustration
ASIFA.net ~ International Animated Film Association official website
ASIFA cartoon drawing illustration by Bordo Dovnikovic 2011 Winner for the ASIFA Anniversary Book comic flasher man art
ASIFA cartoon illustration by Bordo Dovnikovic, the 2011 Winner for the ASIFA Anniversary Book artwork
Musée Grévin Pantomimes Lumineuses Théâtre Optique Émile Reynaud poster advertising 1st animation show Paris 1892 dancer girl illustration dancing art
Musée Grévin “Pantomimes Lumineuses” Théâtre Optique by Émile Reynaud poster advertising for the 1st animation show ~ Paris 1892

2007Cristina Fernández de Kirchner became the 1st woman elected President of Argentina on the 28th October in 2007.

2009Ares I-X mission was successfully launched by NASA on the 28th October in 2009, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program.

2012CASEY STONER had his sixth straight win at the Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix at Phillip Island on the 28th October in 2012.

Casey Stoner gold trophy win Australian Grand Prix winner Phillip Island MotoGP 2011 World championship motorcycle racing Repsol Honda
Casey Stoner holding the trophy for 1st place at the 2011 Australian Grand Prix at the Phillip Island MotoGP, his 5th year winning in a row, & his 2nd World championship, all on his 26th birthday (Photo by Andrew Napier)

Today in History for October 28th ~ video presented by the Associated Press

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