OCTOBER 21 ~ ON THiS DAY in History

1512 – Martin Luther joined the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg on the 21st October 1512.

1520 – Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Strait of Magellan on the 21st October 1520.

1520 – João Álvares Fagundes discovered the islands of Saint-Pierre & Miquelon, bestowed them their original name of Islands of the 11,000 Virgins on the 21st October 1520.

1737Marie-Louise O’Murphy de Boisfaily the younger mistress of King Louis XV of France was born on the 21st October 1737 (died 11th December 1814) . Her life was dramatised by Duncan Sprott in the 1997 novel Our Lady of the Potatoes.

Oil painting canvas blonde girl portrait Marie Louise O'Murphy young mistress François Boucher nude woman antique lounge couch naked
Oil painting on canvas portrait of Marie-Louise O’Murphy, one of the younger mistresses of King Louis XV of France, painted by François Boucher c.1752 (size: 59 x 73 cm) at the Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany

1774 – First display of the word “Liberty” on a flag, was raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts in defiance of British rule in Colonial America on the 21st October 1774.

1824 – Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement on the 21st October 1824.

1833 ~ Alfred Nobel the Swedish chemist, engineer and founder of the Nobel Prize was born in Stockholm on the 21st October 1833 (died 1896 aged 63).

1854 – Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War on the 21st October 1854.

1917 ~ Dizzy Gillespie the American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader was born in Cheraw, South Carolina on the 21st October 1917 (died 1993 aged 75).

1921 – The Sheik silent film by George Melford, starring Rudolph Valentino, premiered on the 21st October 1921.

1940Manfred Mann the South African-English keyboard player and producer was born in Johannesburg on the 21st October 1940. official website : ManfredMann.co.uk | Mighty Quinn 1967 video

1942 ~ Elvin Bishop the American singer-songwriter and guitarist was born in Glendale, California, on the 21st October 1942. official website : ElvinBishopMusic.com | video : Fooled Around ad Fell in Love (1976)…

1945 – Women were allowed to vote in France for the first time on the 21st October 1945.

1956 ~ Carrie Fisher the American actress and screenwriter was born in Burbank, California, on the 21st October 1956 (died 2016 aged 60). official website : CarrieFisher.com |

1959 – The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in  New York City on the 21st October 1959.

1977 – The European Patent Institute was founded on the 21st October 1977.

1978 – Frederick Valentich the Australian civilian pilot vanished in a Cessna 182 over Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft on the 21st October 1978.

2003 – Eris the dwarf planet images were taken and used in documenting its discovery on the 21st October 2003.

Today in History for October 21st ~ video presented by the Associated Press…  

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