1512 – Martin Luther joined the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg on the 21st October 1512.
1520 – Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Strait of Magellan on the 21st October 1520.
1520 – João Álvares Fagundes discovered the islands of Saint-Pierre & Miquelon, bestowed them their original name of Islands of the 11,000 Virgins on the 21st October 1520.
1737 ~ Marie-Louise O’Murphy de Boisfaily the younger mistress of King Louis XV of France was born on the 21st October 1737 (died 11th December 1814) . Her life was dramatised by Duncan Sprott in the 1997 novel Our Lady of the Potatoes.
1774 – First display of the word “Liberty” on a flag, was raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts in defiance of British rule in Colonial America on the 21st October 1774.
1824 – Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement on the 21st October 1824.
1854 – Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War on the 21st October 1854.
1921 – The Sheik silent film by George Melford, starring Rudolph Valentino, premiered on the 21st October 1921.
1945 – Women were allowed to vote in France for the first time on the 21st October 1945.
1959 – The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City on the 21st October 1959.
1977 – The European Patent Institute was founded on the 21st October 1977.
1978 – Frederick Valentich the Australian civilian pilot vanished in a Cessna 182 over Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft on the 21st October 1978.
2003 – Eris the dwarf planet images were taken and used in documenting its discovery on the 21st October 2003.
Today in History for October 21st ~ video presented by the Associated Press…